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Here’s how much the most profitable Bitcoin mining company lost in a year

Here’s how much the most profitable Bitcoin mining company lost in a year

The last few years were marked by a rising institutional interest in Bitcoin (BTC). Publicly traded Bitcoin mining companies surged in numbers and capitalization, attracting giants like BlackRock.

However, these companies’ results tell a story of enormous challenges that must be overcome moving forward. In particular, data from CompaniesMarketCap shows total losses of $2.75 billion for the sector among 17 companies.

Bit Digital (NASDAQ: BTBT) is the “most profitable” publicly traded Bitcoin mining company. Notably, its total earnings of minus $28.39 million since 2022 Q4 are ranked first by this metric, followed by even worse results. BTBT has $300 million in market capitalization.

Top publicly traded Bitcoin mining companies by earnings. Source: CompaniesMarketCap

Results for the top 3 publicly traded Bitcoin mining companies

Meanwhile, the top three publicly traded Bitcoin mining companies have accumulated huge losses from their IPOs.

The top three are composed of Marathon Digital Holdings (NASDAQ: MARA), Riot Blockchain (NASDAQ: RIOT), and Hut 8 Mining (NASDAQ: HUT). Each has a $4.85 billion, $3.52 billion, and $ 2.86 billion market cap, respectively.

Interestingly, MARA accumulated $380 million in losses. RIOT has a slightly better result with $300 million, while HUT is the second company with higher earnings of $38.88 million in losses.

The challenges of Bitcoin mining as a business

Bitcoin mining is a highly competitive “winner-takes-all” business. Approximately every 10 minutes, a block is mined by one single entity that receives the rewards through block subsidy or fees.

In the meantime, it also has very high costs, which increase as more players join the competition. This happens through the mining difficulty adjustment that requires a higher hashrate – at higher costs – for the same chance of finding a valid block.

Moreover, after mining the block and collecting the reward, these entities must also be able to sell the acquired BTC in order to pay for their expenses and partners. Essentially, this makes Bitcoin mining companies’ profitability highly dependent on Bitcoin’s price and a higher centralization.

On the other hand, a higher centralization also diminishes Bitcoin’s security and could impact its value perception. Creating a paradox that must be overcome to keep these companies healthy.

Disclaimer: The content on this site should not be considered investment advice. Investing is speculative. When investing, your capital is at risk.

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